And in a world that's impatient to move and go, it's easy to get overlooked, because there's a lot of tedium and growing at a measured, steady pace. A flower doesn't flourish overnight. It doesn't go from bud to blossom in one gigantic burst. It takes patience, time, and a whole lot of precious tedium. The real magic is in the waiting to unfurl, unfold, and fully bloom into something magnificently and beautifully wondrous.
Nel novembre del , Ho trovato qualcosa su Wikipedia che ha cambiato la mia vita. Erano le parole "mutismo selettivo". Ha confermato qualcosa con cui ho combattuto per anni. Come me e altri che non sapevano di questo disturbo, mi ha motivato a diffonderne la consapevolezza. Il mutismo selettivo ha avuto un enorme impatto sulla mia vita. A differenza di molti bambini io ero una tranquilla. Non facevo versi, e non piangevo per la fame. I miei genitori mi hanno fatto fare terapia fisica, occupazionale e del lunguaggio, ma niente sembrava che facesse differenza.
Ho imparato da sola a gattonare. Avevo il mio giocattolo preferito e la coperta dall'altra parte della stanza e non molto tempo dopo ho imparato a camminare molto lentamente. A due anni ancora non parlavo.
Se volevo qualcosa, grugnivo e indicavo. Soffrivo anche l'ansia da separazione che mi faceva aggrappare a mia madre. Lei parlava persino al posto mio. Entro i 5 anni, ero diventata una chiaccherona. Risate Ho fatto moltissime domande e non smettevo di ascoltare le risposte. La mia gola si serrava, e le mie labbra erano sigillate. Un insegnante mi faceva una domanda, ed io stavo davanti a lei, guardandola con gli occhi lucidi. C'era questo silenzio imbarazzante. E un sacco di pressione su di me. Solo allora potevo finalmente respirare.
Nemmeno i miei genitori e l'insegnante sapevano il motivo. L'insegnante credeva fossi autistica. Pensavano che stessi scegliendo di non parlare o ascoltare, o fare finta di essere incapace. Ero etichettata come "timida". La mia ansia mi ha lasciato indietro nell'educazione. Dalla prima elementare, fino al liceo, ho avuto un programma di educazione personale, e in questo ero annotata per avere un disturbo di apprendimento.
Ho sempre pensato, se non fosse stato per l'ansia, Avrei fatto bene a scuola. Sapevo di essere molto intelligente. In ogni modo, dovevo avere un'educazione speciale per raggiungere i miei pari. Ha abbassato la mia autostima. L'ansia ha sviluppato altri problemi, come l'ansia della salute e il perfezionismo. Non alzavo la mia mano per paura di sbagliare. Come sono cresciuta, ho iniziato a soffrire di agorafobia, disturbi ossessivi compulsivi e depressione clinica. Ho pensato che quello che avevo andasse oltre la timidezza.
Mi sono domandata con che cosa stessi combattendo. E ho aspettato che qualcuno mi aiutasse, ma nessuno si disturbava a farlo. Ho iniziato ad avere attacchi di panico, e, ancora peggio, pensieri di morte.
Carlo Fumo | Biography & Reel
Un anno fa, mi sono ripresa da quei giorni bui. Ho fatto una promessa a me stessa che non mi sarei arresa. Il mutismo selettivo non era una maledizione, ma un regalo. Ho partecipato a Toastmasters. Risate Applausi Toastmasters mi ha mostrato la luce e la speranza per il futuro. Ho esitato un paio di volte, ma mi sono rifiutata di farmi trascinare indietro nel buio. Toastmasters ha sviluppato la mia forza e confidenza.
Sono diventata una consulente al Youth Playhouse Theater. Sono entrata al college. Fin dal primo giorno di scuola, ho alzato la mano quasi ogni giorno. Ci sono nuove sfide da affrontare, come diventare una bibliotecaria e un'autrice di bestseller. Un fiore non sboccia in una notte. Non diventa da bocciolo a fiore all'improvviso. Ci vuole pazienza, tempo, e tantissima preziosa noia. Applausi English to Italian: Can a computer write poetry?
This is a provocative question. You think about it for a minute, and you suddenly have a bunch of other questions like: What is a computer? What is poetry? What is creativity? But these are questions that people spend their entire lifetime trying to answer, not in a single TED Talk. So we're going to have to try a different approach.
So up here, we have two poems. One of them is written by a human, and the other one's written by a computer. I'm going to ask you to tell me which one's which. You're not going to have long to read because we haven't got long to do this speech. Have a go, start reading. Hands up if you think Poem 1 was written by a human. OK, most of you. Hands up if you think Poem 2 was written by a human. Very brave of you, because the first one was written by the human poet William Blake. The second one was written by an algorithm that took all the language from my Facebook feed on one day and then regenerated it algorithmically, according to methods that I'll describe a little bit later on.
But most of you got that right, it's probably a little bit easy. So let's try another test. Again, you haven't got ages to read this, so just trust your gut. Poem 1: A lion roars and a dog barks. Poem 2: Oh! So if you think the first poem was written by a human, put your hand up. And if you think the second poem was written by a human, put your hand up. It was much harder. The answer is, the first poem was generated by an algorithm called Racter, that was created back in the s, and the second poem was written by a guy called Frank O'Hara, who happens to be one of my favorite human poets.
Laughter So what we've just done now is a Turing test for poetry. The Turing test was first proposed by this guy, Alan Turing, in , in order to answer the question, can computers think? Alan Turing believed that if a computer was able to have a to have a text-based conversation with a human, with such proficiency such that the human couldn't tell whether they are talking to a computer or a human, then the computer can be said to have intelligence. So in , my friend Benjamin Laird and I, we created a Turing test for poetry online.
It's called bot or not, and you can go and play it for yourselves. But basically, it's the game we just played. You're presented with a poem, you don't know whether it was written by a human or a computer and you have to guess. So thousands and thousands of people have taken this test online, so we have results. And what are the results? Well, Turing said that if a computer could fool a human 30 percent of the time that it was a human, then it passes the Turing test for intelligence.
We have poems on the bot or not database that have fooled 65 percent of human readers into thinking it was written by a human. So, I think we have an answer to our question. According to the logic of the Turing test, can a computer write poetry? Well, yes, absolutely it can. But if you're feeling a little bit uncomfortable with this answer, that's OK. If you're having a bunch of gut reactions to it, that's also okay because this isn't the end of the story. Let's play our third and final test. Again, you're going to have to read and tell me which you think is human. Poem 1: Red flags the reason for pretty flags.
So hands up if you think Poem 1 was written by a human. Whoa, that's a lot more people. So you'd be surprised to find that Poem 1 was written by the very human poet Gertrude Stein. Now before we go on, let me describe very quickly and simply, how RKCP works. So RKCP is an algorithm designed by Ray Kurzweil, who's a director of engineering at Google and a firm believer in artificial intelligence.
So, you give RKCP a source text, it analyzes the source text in order to find out how it uses language, and then it regenerates language that emulates that first text. So in the poem we just saw before, Poem 2, the one that you all thought was human, it was fed a bunch of poems by a poet called Emily Dickinson and looked at the way she used language, learned the model, and then it regenerated a model according to that same structure. But the important thing to know about RKCP is that it doesn't know the meaning of the words it's using.
The language is just raw material, it could be Chinese, it could be in Swedish, it could be the collected language from your Facebook feed for one day. It's just raw material. And nevertheless, it's able to create a poem that seems more human than Gertrude Stein's poem, and Gertrude Stein is a human. So what we've done here is, more or less, a reverse Turing test.
So Gertrude Stein, who's a human, is able to write a poem that fools a majority of human judges into thinking that it was written by a computer. Therefore, according to the logic of the reverse Turing test, Gertrude Stein is a computer. Laughter Feeling confused? I think that's fair enough. So far we've had humans that write like humans, we have computers that write like computers, we have computers that write like humans, but we also have, perhaps most confusingly, humans that write like computers.
So what do we take from all of this? Do we take that William Blake is somehow more of a human than Gertrude Stein? Or that Gertrude Stein is more of a computer than William Blake? Laughter These are questions I've been asking myself for around two years now, and I don't have any answers.
But what I do have are a bunch of insights about our relationship with technology. So my first insight is that, for some reason, we associate poetry with being human. So that when we ask, "Can a computer write poetry? How do we say who or what can be part of this category? I also believe that Alan Turing understood this, and that when he devised his test back in , he was doing it as a philosophical provocation. So my second insight is that, when we take the Turing test for poetry, we're not really testing the capacity of the computers because poetry-generating algorithms, they're pretty simple and have existed, more or less, since the s.
What we are doing with the Turing test for poetry, rather, is collecting opinions about what constitutes humanness. So, what I've figured out, we've seen this when earlier today, we saw that William Blake is more of a human than Gertrude Stein. Of course, this doesn't mean that William Blake was actually more human or that Gertrude Stein was more of a computer.
It simply means that the category of the human is unstable. This has led me to understand that the human is not a cold, hard fact. Rather, it is something that's constructed with our opinions and something that changes over time. That is to say, the category of the human is unstable. So my final insight is that the computer, more or less, works like a mirror that reflects any idea of a human that we show it. We show it Emily Dickinson, it gives Emily Dickinson back to us. We show it William Blake, that's what it reflects back to us.
We show it Gertrude Stein, what we get back is Gertrude Stein. More than any other bit of technology, the computer is a mirror that reflects any idea of the human we teach it. So I'm sure a lot of you have been hearing a lot about artificial intelligence recently. And much of the conversation is kind of, Can we build it? Can we build an intelligent computer?
Can we build a creative computer? What we seem to be asking over and over is can we build a human-like computer? But what we've seen just now is that the human is not a scientific fact, that it's an ever-shifting, concatenating idea and one that changes over time. So that when we begin to grapple with the ideas of artificial intelligence in the future, we shouldn't only be asking ourselves, "Can we build it? Ma queste sono domande alle quali le persone dedicano tutta la loro vita per rispondere, non un singolo TED Talk. Quindi dobbiamo provare in un altro modo. Qui sopra abbiamo due poesie.
Dovrete dirmi quale appartiene all'uno e all'altro. Alzate le mani se pensate che la poesia 1 sia stata scritta da un essere umano. Ok, la maggior parte di voi. Alzate le mani se pensate che la poesia 2 sia stata scritta da un umano. La maggior parte di voi ha indovinato, forse era troppo facile. Proviamo con un altro test. Poesia 2: Oh! Siete veramente belli! Se pensate che la prima poesia sia stata scritta da un essere umano, alzate la mano. Ok Se pensate che la seconda poesia sia stata scritta da un essere umano, alzate la mano.
Nel io e il mio amico Benjamin Laird abbiamo creato un Turing test on line per la poesia. Si chiama "bot o no", lo puoi vedere e fare per conto tuo. Ti viene mostrata una poesia, tu non sai se sia stata scritta da un essere umano o un computer e devi indovinare. Centinaia e centinaia di persone hanno fatto questo test on line, di cui abbiamo i risultati. Quali sono i risultati? Quindi abbiamo una risposta alla nostra domanda.
Facciamo il terzo e ultimo test. Di nuovo, dovrete leggere e dirmi quale ritenete essere umano. Poesia 1: Bandiere rosse la ragione di belle bandiere. Alzi la mano chi pensa che la poesia 1 sia stata scritta da un essere umano. Alzi la mano chi pensa che la poesia 2 sia stata scritta da un essere umano. Prima che vada avanti, lasciate che vi descriva brevemente come funziona RKCP. Quindi, si sottopone a RKCP un testo, questo lo analizza per capire come viene usato il linguaggio, e poi ricrea un linguaggio che copia il precedente. La poesia che abbiamo visto prima, la poesia 2, che tutti pensavate fosse umana, ha preso un gruppo di poesie della poetessa Emily Dickinson, ha osservato il modo in cui ha usato il linguaggio, ha imparato il modello, e poi ha ricreato un modello secondo la stessa struttura.
E' solo materiale grezzo. Risate Siete confusi? Mi sembra giusto. Quindi cosa deduciamo da tutto questo? Risate Queste sono domande che mi sono fatto per quasi due anni ormai, e non ho ancora la risposta. Quello che ho sono parecchie idee sulla nostra relazione con la tecnologia. Come facciamo a dire chi o cosa fa parte di questa categoria? Credo anche che Alan Turing lo abbia capito, e quando aveva ideato il suo test nel , stava lanciando una provocazione filosofica.
Noi gli mostriamo Emily Dickinson, lui ci restituisce Emily Dickinson. Noi gli mostriamo William Blake, lui ce lo riflette. Sono sicuro che molti di voi hanno sentito parlare molto di intelligenza artificiale recentemente. E la maggior parte della questione era, Possiamo costruirla? Possiamo costruire un computer intelligente? Possiamo costruire un computer creativo? My name is Maria Sundin, and I'm an astrophysicist. There are lots of connections between astrophysics and water, but today, I want to tell you about why the Earth has water at all, and that it's not so easy to find another planet if we should mess up this too badly.
So I will talk about water on other planets in our Solar System, and the search for planets around other stars.
Are there other terrestrial worlds out there? Are there other worlds like our planet? Well, the history of water is It started with the Big Bang. Hydrogen has been around for a long time. Hydrogen is one of the components of water. The other component is oxygen. We breathe oxygen, and I don't know if you've thought so much about where the oxygen comes from, but oxygen is created in the interior of stars.
And when the stars explode, this oxygen is spread into the Universe. On this picture you see an exploding star. Several stars had to explode before our Sun was created. When a star is created, like our Sun - this happened about five billion years ago - there's some extra debris gathering around the star that will form the planets. Since a few stars had exploded, this debris around what was to become the Sun, had some oxygen in it, and lots of hydrogen, and these elements together are joined to form water. There's quite a lot of water in the Universe, mostly in the form of ice; liquid water is much more uncommon.
In the early days of the Earth, the Earth was bombarded by comets. Comets are I believe I've heard that about ten times the amount of water in our oceans today was bombarded on the Earth very early in the history. We have some bigger planets in our Solar System - Jupiter, Saturn - they are protecting us for the moment from lots of impacts. During the first half billion years of the Earth's existence, it was bombarded continuously with comets. So the water was brought to us by comets and by out-gassing of the material that the Earth was created from.
So the water comes from space, and it has come from space in many ways, both in the material that the Earth was created from, but also, it was bombarded by comets. So we have a very nice planet with liquid water, and that is because it's at the right distance from the Sun, so it's warm enough, and we have an atmosphere, we have air that keeps a nice pressure on the planet, so that we can have big oceans. That's not so easy to find. We also believe that the possibility of having life is very highly connected to having liquid water. We don't know how life started on the Earth, but we know very much that life is very old.
As soon as the planet "calmed down", life started to exist here. I can't tell you if there's other life out in the Universe. If I ever happen to tell anybody that I'm an astronomer, the first question I get is is there life out there? But what I hope we can do rather soon is to tell you something about are there other Earth-like planets out there, where the conditions are the same. Looking at our neighbor Mars, it is today a cold, dry, desert planet. It's smaller than the Earth. But during the time that life arose on Earth, originated here, Mars was very different.
It had a huge ocean on the northern hemisphere. It had an atmosphere. So conditions were rather similar on Mars and on the Earth. Perhaps life started on Mars as well. We don't know that as yet, but the conditions were very similar. If we talk about life in the Universe, people usually want the big spaceship landing right outside there, so we can, you know, try to communicate and stuff. But I would be almost just as intrigued if I'd found a dead bacteria or something very small life-like on Mars, because that could give us the key to the question of whether life originates if you have a place where the conditions are favorable.
The reason why Mars has changed too much is that it's smaller than the Earth. The lesser gravity means that Mars has been unable to keep its atmosphere. So, it's a very low pressure on the surface. If you were to pour out a glass of water on the surface of Mars, it would just evaporate instantly. But there has been lots of water there, and this picture shows an old river delta on Mars. So just imagine this neighbor planet - it has had oceans, it has had rivers; it's been a very different world.
So worlds can change. This means that Mars is not a very good candidate perhaps for life today, because there's no liquid water on the surface, and there's no protecting ozone layer there. Perhaps there could be some very simple life forms below the surface. We might find out, or perhaps they are not there. But there's one place in our Solar System where liquid water might exist that's not the Earth.
It's this small moon. The moon is called Europa. It's one of Jupiter's moons. If you look at Europa, it looks like a big ice ball. Why would you have liquid water out in the outer regions of the Solar System? Well, Jupiter has approximately 60 moons; we have one. If you combine the gravity working on Europa from the big Jupiter - Jupiter is so much bigger than the Earth - and the 60 other moons, you have different forces acting on Europa all the time, heating it.
There's one moon that's even closer to Jupiter that's called Io. It has constant volcanoes because there's so many forces acting on it. Europa is a little bit further from Jupiter, and it looks like a big ice ball with cracks in it. We have had a few probes out there, taking pictures of the surface of Europa. The people who are looking at the ice claim that the surface of Europa, it looks more like the Arctic than the Antarctic.
The difference, of course, is that on the Arctic, at the North Pole, you have ice floating on water. If you look at the Antarctic, you have ice lying on a continent. They say that Europa shows more features that look like ice floating on water. So perhaps, out on this small moon, could be a very… several kilometers thick crust of ice, but there may be a huge subsurface ocean there, and in that case, it's the only other place than the Earth in our Solar System where you have liquid water.
The conditions are probably quite similar to the conditions very deep in our own oceans. You have some heat from the interior of the moon. It's dark, of course, but you have liquid water, you have carbon, all the other elements that life is formed from here on the Earth, and you have energy. So, it's a very interesting place, and I hope that you will have the chance to learn more about it. Several expeditions to this moon are planned. The first thing is to try to find out is there an ocean there. And we'll see if somebody is swimming in it. If we are to leave our own Solar System - I hope we don't have to, actually - in about a billion years, the Sun is constantly increasing its luminosity, its output, its power, so actually, in about a billion years, the Earth will be too hot to have liquid water.
A billion years is a very long time. Human history is quite short, actually. Sometimes when you talk about astronomy, people think that, "Oh, we are so small and insignificant, just living on this very small planet, and having to repress things and not to think about it. But I believe we are quite remarkable. We have a very short history of science, of thinking like that, but we constantly keep asking ourselves those questions: where do we come from? Why does everything look like it is and what can we do?
What are those things shining up there? I don't say that we have all the answers as yet, but at least we know something about the And also, a little bit into the future. I hope that mankind's future will be very long; I sincerely hope so. So we have at least a billion years to solve our problems, but I think it's important to start today, but then we have to travel outwards, perhaps to Mars, perhaps to Europa.
But is there some place else to go to? In , we started to find the first planets around other stars. This is not a photo; this is a drawing by an artist. We can't take any pictures of these other planets as yet. So finding planets around other stars is a fairly new kind of science. About one year ago, we had discovered , which means that we can start to make some statistics. The fun thing is that we found so many planets that nobody has ever said that there was going to be out there, and the question was really could there be another Earth or is this the only one?
There are so many really strange things out there: super Earths, hot Jupiters, ice giants. We are trying to keep up with the nomenclature right now. With new telescopes, during , the number of discovered planets is now exceeding 2,, and we are finally getting some reports on perhaps Earth-sized planets at least.
There actually seems to be quite a good chance of finding ocean planets or water worlds out there, that is planets that have no continents; just very, very deep oceans. You have some variations of these. If you move them a little bit further from their star, you get big icy planets, ice giants.
If you move them a little bit towards the stars, you get steam, some kind of sauna planets. I really want to impress upon you that Universe is always stranger than we can imagine, but it is a support of our thinking from a very long time: how common are we and our kind of planet?
I mean, you are students, most of you; you can try to find out this, what's out there. Some of them might be Earth-like also. The problem is that they are very small compared to a star, so they are hard to find. We have some different methods of trying to find them.
So far, the Earth-like planets are very few, but I believe that in five years, we will know very much more about this. If we have to leave our home in a billion years, perhaps we will know where to go. Applause Translation - Italian Grazie. Mi chiamo Maria Sundin, e sono un'astrofisica. Ci sono altri mondi come il nostro pianeta? Bene, la storia dell'acqua risale a E' iniziata col Big Bang.
E quando le stelle esplodono, questo ossigeno si sparge nell'Universo. Nella foto vedete una stella esplosa. Parecchie stelle dovettero esplodere prima che fosse creato il nostro sole. Da quando un po' di stelle sono esplose, questi detriti intorno, che avrebbero formato il sole, avevano dell'ossigeno dentro, e molto idrogeno, e questi elementi insieme si sono uniti per formare l'acqua.
Nei primi tempi della terra, essa era bombardata da comete. Le comete sono Durante il primo mezzo miliardo di anni dell'esistenza della terra, era bombardata continuamente dalle comete. Ma durante il periodo in cui la vita nasceva sulla terra, Marte era molto diverso. Aveva un oceano enorme nell'emisfero nordico. Aveva un'atmosfera.
I nuovi consumatori del lusso – IV e ultima puntata
Le condizioni su Marte erano simili a quelle sulla terra. Noi non lo sappiamo ancora, ma le condizioni erano molto simili. Se parliamo di vita nell'universo, le persone vorrebbero una grande astronave che atterri qui fuori per poter, sapete, comunicare e via dicendo. Se dovessi versare un bicchiere d'acqua sulla superficie di Marte, questo evaporerebbe immediatamente. Quindi i pianeti possono cambiare. Forse potrebbero esserci alcune forme di vita sotto la superficie. E' questa piccola luna. La luna si chiama Europa.
E' una delle lune di Giove. Se osservi Europa, sembra una grande palla di ghiaccio. Bene, Giove ha circa 60 lune; noi ne abbiamo una. Abbiamo avuto delle prove di questo, con delle foto alla superficie di Europa. Se guardi l'Antartico, il ghiaccio si trova su un continente. Quindi forse, su questa piccola luna, potrebbe esserci Diverse spedizioni sono programmate verso questa luna. E vedremo se qualcuno ci sta nuotando dentro. Ma io credo che siamo davvero eccezionali. Abbiamo una storia molto breve di scienza, di pensieri come questo, ma ci facciamo continuamente queste domande: da dove veniamo?
Non dico che abbiamo tutte le risposte finora, ma almeno sappiamo qualcosa sui E anche, un po' di futuro. As Kirkup secretly made a copy of the portrait of Dante in a small book before it had been irreparably damaged by Marini, it will be interesting to hear his own remarks about it. These have been very kindly furnished me by Colonel William Gillum, who is the actual possessor of the little book with Kirkup's original coloured copy. He often showed me his copy of the Convivio, with the Bargello portrait of Dante painted on the inside of the parchment cover Both in and during the three years we were in Florence from to i he talked over and over again of the Bargello portrait.
Kirkup had made a contract with Marini to clear the chapel in the Bargello then a prison. It-had been divided in two, and used as a pantry for the prisoners. Kirkup took his little copy of L' Amoroso Convivio Convito and holding it in his hat, made an outline sketch.
Iv third visit he coloured it; at a fourth he finished it. Once he got himself locked in while the workmen went to dinner, got on the scaffolding, and made a tracing. From this, and from the coloured drawing in the Convivio, he made the drawing for Lord Vernon, which was reproduced by the Arundel Society. He drove two large beams into the wall, but this having been forbidden by Kirkup, trestles cavalletti were used. Crowds flocked to the chapel when it was known that the frescoes were discovered. After about six months, Government took the work up which Kirkup had begun, paying Marini 40 scudi.
When first the hole which destroyed the eye was seen, Marini said it was a nail. It may have been put in by some prisoner to hang things on. At first it was small, but Kirkup declared that fingers had been put in, with the remark 'v'e un buco. Kirkup was refused re-admission. Marini wished to make and engrave a copy of the fresco. The vest of the original was green, but authority-troppo gelosa -for political reasons, would not allow the red, white and green the Italian national colours to remain, and ordered Marini to alter the dress into a chocolate colour, as had been done to Michelino's picture in.
The new eye is too small, and too near the nose. The nose of the restoration is too aquiline, and the face altogether different. Giotto's fresco might now be restored by carefully applying a wet cloth and probing carefully. Three pomegranates in Dante's right hand denote the three Kingdoms. There is a crown on the top of the pomegranate 'pomo coronato'. One day Kirkup told me the pomegranates were there when he made the sketch; but as his object was to draw the face, he did not draw them then, and Marini destroyed them.
I obtained from Professor D' Ancona of Pisa a letter of introduction to the Sindaco of Ravenna, the Marquis Rasponi, to whom I wrote offering a proof of the Arundel portrait of Dante for his town, and well deserving it, whilst Florence is so disgracefully indifferent to his memory. The print is really a fine work of art, both for its beauty and its great correctness, for which I can answer.
There is nothing of my own. I refused to restore the eye which Mr. Marini destroyed by pulling out a nail, and I left the hole as I found it at the time as a pledge of the authenticity of the rest. Ivii told me of, or the sarcophagus in his chapel I daresay there are not many alive who saw it in the short time it was visible, before it was so badly repainted by a wretched dauber, who was sent away from Pisa for his incapacity, and obtained this job from the favour of Cavalier Montalvo, who has ruined most of the best works in the Pitti palace and the Uffizi, which were in the most perfect condition.
He also had a hand in destroying all the monuments of Dante in Florence, and the grand font of the Baptisteria [sic] of Pisa; in Florence the portrait by Giotto, and that by Michelino, the house, the Sasso, the Villa, the tomb of Guglielmo Berardi [who fell at the battle of Campaldino], the bust at the Studio, all since I arrived in Florence in Rossetti's coment [sic] is at Vieusseux's Library you say.
He dedicated it to me for finding Giotto's fresco. Is there no chance of recovering that? They have owned they are afraid of O. A little water is all that is wanted, applied with caution and delicacy-it ought not to cost more than 10 dollars.
Soon there will be no one alive who ever saw the original. You know from my sketch how different it was in I to the present daub-and the Arundel tracing is a facsimile. What other city could boast such monuments as these few treasures of Dante? The ignorant fools will neither preserve them nor let others do it. Think if we had such memorials of Shakespeare, what care would be taken to save them!
II riproduce fedelmente 1' opera antica, prima che i restauri praticati nel dipinto 1' anno 1' avessero non poco alterata, rifacendo 1' occhio sinistro con parte della guancia, e variando la forma del cappuccio e il colore delle vesti. L' occhio fu. II cappuccio originalmente era bianco ma soppannato in rosso, rossa la cappa e soppannata in bianco, di sotto alla quale scorgevasi un farsetto di color verde che ora non pii si vede.
Dal che apparisce che il bianco, il rosso e il verde erano i simbolici colori, ne' quali solevasi Dante rappresentare, non altrimenti che la sua Beatrice da lui descritta nel Purgatorio: 'Sotto candido vel cinta d' oliva Donna m' apparve sotto verde manto, Vestita di color di fiamma viva.
From this original drawing now at Sudbury Hall, Derbyshire, was made the Arundel reproduction. The photograph, which is the frontispiece of the Album Volume of the Vernon Dante, was taken by Lord Vernon's son, William Warren Vernon, from the original drawing at the beginning of Rimasto cosi lungamente occulto e dimenticato, fu finalmente ricercato e scoverto per opera dei Signori Bezzi e Wilde, nel , dietro gl' indizi loro dati dal Seymour Kirkup sui ricordi lasciatine dal F Villani e dal Vasari. Canto I. Easter I. Immediately after Dante's return from the holy water of Wednesday, Eunoi Purg.
Dante, like Beatrice, is able to gaze upon the Sun's rays Dante, awe-struck at the extraordinary increase of sunlight around him, is informed by Beatrice that he is swiftly rising from earth into heaven Canto II. Dante finds himself in a pale shimmering light 25, He has reached the first planet, the Heaven of the Moon 29, Canto III. Dante discerns the faces of certain beings before him, but so dimly, that he thinks they are but reflections of real images behind him i6-i8. Beatrice tells him that they are real spirits of those who have failed to keep holy vows 29, Dante addresses the spirit of his kinswoman, Piccarda de' Donati Piccarda tells Dante who she was And why she and her fellow-spirits have been relegated so low down in heaven Ixi 6.
But that they are perfectly resigned to the will of God 70 One of her companions is the spirit of the Empress Constance i8. Canto IV. Two doubts are perplexing Dante: Beatrice tells him what they are i6, r7. Her words have emanated from the. Spirit of God, the Fountain of all Truth Dante tells Beatrice of a further doubt II Canto V. Having removed Dante's further doubt concerning the binding force of vows, Beatrice subsides into silence, and Dante also remains speechless They quit the sphere of the Moon, and ascend into that of Mercury 9I They are accosted by the spirits of those who, in their lifetime, were energetic in the pursuit of honour and glory.
These spirits throng round Dante, as fish do round any food thrown into their pond 00oo Canto VI. The spirit names himself to Dante, speaking of his Imperial dignity as a thing of the past Io. He informs Dante of his work as a legislator And how he became a convert to the Faith I6-I8. And that Bellisarius was his chief general He censures the Ghibellines who claim a right to the Roman Eagle, the symbol of Empire, and the Guelphs who set themselves against it 3I The record of the Eagle entitles it to universal respect 34, The qualifications of the spirits in the sphere of Mercury I Romeo, the great minister of Raymond Berenger, Count of Provence, whose four daughters Rom6o married to Kings Canto VII.
Justinian breaks forth into a hymn celebrating the Church both before and after Christ I The spirits of Justinian and his companions fade away Beatrice will clear away certain doubts which are perplexing Dante's mind Canto VIII. Dante becomes aware of his transition into the Planet Venus by perceiving the increasing loveliness of Beatrice I He discerns bright spirits that shine as sparks in a flame.
These are the souls of lovers who loved with a pure love The spirit of Charles Martel, of Hungary, approaches He does not name himself, but he tells Dante that, had he lived, he would have let him taste of the fruit of his love, and not only to gaze upon the blossoms and foliage which precede that fruit His younger brother Robert was the niggardly son of a munificent father He blames men in the world who, ignoring the disposition inspired by heavenly influences, continually turn the greatest intellects to mistaken ends II Canto IX.
Dante names Charles and " his Clemence" [whom I take to be his wife, daughter of Rudolph of Hapsburg]. He says that the spirit of Charles quitted him and turned back to the All-Sufficing God The spirit of Cunizza da Romano accosts Dante 13, Because during her lifetime she yielded to the influence of love, she is now relegated to the Sphere of Venus 32, She speaks of the spirit nearest to her, Folco of Marseilles After predicting the misfortunes that are to befall her native land, the massacres in Padua, the violent death of Riccardo da Cammino, and the cruel treachery of the Bishop of Feltre, she ceases to speak 64, Dante having asked Folco who he is, that spirit gives a description of the Mediterranean Sea, and tells Dante that he was born on that coast Ixiii 7.
The spirit names himself and avows that in life he followed the influence of the planet Venus Folco names Rahab, and her merits rI5-I Folco says that the Pope's neglect of the Holy Land is due to the avaricious love of the whole priesthood for the accursed flower, meaning the Lily stamped on the florin , and that for this greed religious study has been thrust aside II Canto X. Dante ascends to the Fourth Sphere of Heaven, the Sun, so instantaneously that he is not aware of it Dante says that in vain would he attempt to describe the splendour of the souls in this Fourth Sphere 4I Dante is encircled by the spirits of the twelve great Theologians He is addressed by St.
Thomas Aquinas, who names his master Albertus Magnus, and himself, as Dominicans After naming the Benedictine monk and legist, Gratian, St. Thomas points out Peter Lombard Io6-Io8. Solomon, so wise, that no one else even equalled him II4. Dionysius, the Areopagite, who wrote about the Celestial Hierarchy 16, After alluding to Orosius, and Boethius, St. Thomas groups together St. Isidore, the Venerable Bede, and Richard de St.
Canto XI. Thomas, a Dominican, sings the praises of St. Francis of Assisi. Providence ordained two Princes, St. Francis and St. Dominic, to be the especial guides of the Church the Bride of Christ, the former of Seraphic fervency, the latter Cherubic in his light of learning The piety of St. Francis in early life Poverty was the Bride of St. Francis, whom St. Thomas now names for the first time He mentions Bernardo of Quintavalle, Egidio, and Silvestro, who followed Francis in becoming bare-footed friars The foundation of the Order of St.
Thomas tells Dante that when St. Francis retired to Alvernia, he received in his hands and feet the stigmata of Christ, and then died in the bosom of Poverty IO7 -I Dominic, a worthy colleague of St. Francis, and the head of the Order to which he, St. Thomas, belongs Dominic's flock in Dante's time seek for honours and dignities instead of keeping to their original vow , I Canto XII.
The garland of Dominican spirits revolving round Dante is suddenly enclosed by a similar garland of Franciscan spirits One of the Franciscan spirits, St. Bonaventura, from the outer garland commences to praise St. Dominic 3I Calaroga in Spain the birthplace of St. Dominic, the ardent lover of the Christian Faith Dominic sold all he had and gave to the poor, following the counsel of Our Lord Dominic made a fierce onslaught against heresy 98 -IOI. Bonaventura names the twelve spirits of the outer garland, beginning with himself and two obscure but holy friars II3I.
Then follow Hugh de St. Canto XIII. Thomas Aquinas speaking again, explains to Dante that he is right in thinking the wisdom of Solomon inferior to that of Adam and of Christ. Ixv Canto XIV. Solomon speaks of the glorious appearance of the Blessed after the resurrection of the Body Dante finds that he has been transported with Beatrice into the Fifth Sphere 83, They have reached the fiery tinted Sphere of Mars Dante sees the spirits of the saintly warriors who fought for Christ.
These, shining in different degrees, formed the sign of the Cross Ioo-Io2. They flit rapidly along the two lines of the Cross, both perpendicularly and horizontally Iog9-iI. The hymn of praise "Risurgi e vinci" sung by the spirits bind him with fetters of love I Canto XV. The warrior spirits pause in their melody, in order that Dante may speak i. Cacciaguida, an ancestor of Dante, darts from one arm of the Cross of the Holy Warriors to the foot of that same Cross The spirit addresses Dante in Latin as his kinsman He tells Dante that, although he can read the wish in Dante's heart, Dante must unfold his desire Dante entreats the spirit to accept his mute expression of thanks, and to reveal his name, addressing him as a living topaz The spirit replies: "Thou art my descendant, I was thy ancestor.
Thy great-grandfather was my son. He is still enduring penance for Pride in Purgatory. Pray for him " Cacciaguida sketches in outline the simple and peaceful life of Florence in his own days His birth, his baptism in San Giovanni, his kinsmen, and his marriage II He became a Crusader and a knight, was killed by the Saracens, and came to Heaven Canto XVI. Cacciaguida's words arouse a feeling in Dante of pride of lineage, quickly suppressed I.
Dante asks Cacciaguida who were his ancestors, in what year was he born, what was the population of Florence in his time, and who were its chief citizens Cacciaguida was born in iog9, his ancestors lived in the district of Porta San Piero; the population of Florence was small, but were all of pure descent I. Some great Florentine families are extinct, and their names forgotten He recalls the peaceable condition of Florence , I In his time a victorious State had never dishonoured the standard of its adversary, nor had the Lily of Florence been changed from white to red II Canto XVII.
Dante enquires if Cacciaguida can interpret certain predictions made to him in Hell and Purgatory as to his destiny 25, Cacciaguida tells him that he will be driven by calumny from Florence, even as Hippolytus was driven from Athens Dante's future sufferings and humiliations Dante will separate himself from his unworthy fellow-exiles At the Court of Bartolommeo della Scala Dante will meet his brother Can Grande, too young at present to be known Dante shall still be alive when his sinful fellow-citizens, and their punishment, shall be things of the past 97 Cacciaguida charges Dante to speak out the whole truth about his contemporaries II Dante has only been shown the spirits of the great, whether good or bad, and his poem will, like the wind, only attack the highest summits II Dante, passing from the red planet Mars into the Sixth Sphere, the Heaven of Jupiter, perceives that the light has become white instead of red The spirits of those who rightly administered justice on earth form in luminous letters the words Diligitejustitiam qui judicatis terram Ixvii 4.
The letter "M" of this celestial inscription undergoes various changes, and finally its summit shapes itself into the head and neck of an Eagle Dante implores the spirits who form the Eagle, the Emblem of Empire, to entreat God that the Princes of the Earth may not err after the evil example of the Popes I Canto XIX. The spirits are transformed into the figure of a complete Eagle with outspread wings i, 2.
Dante entreats them to solve a doubt 25, The doubt is as to whether a virtuous heathen, dying unbaptized and without the Faith, can be with justice condemned 75, The Eagle censures the presumption of those who venture to sit in judgment on the Justice of God If Dante could not understand certain strains of the Eagle, how could he expect to comprehend the Justice of God? Many professing Christians will be found among the reprobate, and many who knew not Christ among the elect Io6-io8.
The Eagle unfolds a terrible page of the book of Eternity xI 2- 4. Canto XX. The Eagle tells Dante that six spirits of surpassing excellence, among the Princes who governed their realms most justly, form the arc of its eye David forms the pupil of the eye Of the five who form the eye-lid, Trajan comes first 44, Then Hezekiah I. Next Constantine who wrought evil to the Church by the Donatio Constantini, though with good intentions William II, King of Sicily, whose good reign is regretted by his subjects now under the rule of his unworthy successors 62, Ripheus, the Trojan, a character in Virgil's Eneid, is the fifth of the spirits forming the arc of the Eagle's eye Dante, astonished at finding in heaven two pagans, Ripheus, born before Christ, and Trajan, born after, who had died without believing in Him, learns from the Eagle that they both died Christians in spirit o Canto XXI.
Beatrice informs Dante that they have reached the Sphere of Saturn, the abode of the contemplative spirits I3. Dante sees a ladder of pure gold extending further up than the eye can reach, and numberless shining ones ascending and descending The spirit of San Pier Damiano draws near, and Dante asks him why he has approached, and why, in this heaven only, there is a cessation of the sweet melodies heard in the other Spheres Pier Damiano tells him that mortal hearing could not endure the excess of sweetness of their singing, any more than mortal sight could endure Beatrice's smile He has descended the stairway to greet Dante, not because he has greater love than his fellow-spirits, but to fulfil his duty Pier Damiano describes his retreat on Monte Catria, and tells his name I He denounces the luxury of the Cardinals, whose furred cloaks are so long that their steeds are nearly invisible Other spirits flock down the holy stair at Damiano's words, and utter a shout of indignation I40, I4I.
Canto XXII. Dante sees a hundred of the contemplative spirits upon the heavenly stair. The most radiant one among them, St. Benedict, addresses him Benedict speaks of himself as the founder of the Benedictine Order of Monte Cassino Other bright spirits of his Order Benedict tells Dante that his request to see his face is inopportune, but shall be granted when he reaches the Empyrean 6i, He upbraids the monks of Dante's time; the Rule of his Order has become mere waste paper 74, Ixix 6. Benedict and his fellow-spirits are swept away up the heavenly stair Beatrice, by a mere sign, impels Dante to ascend the Holy Stair.
Dante in Gemini, to whose influence he ascribes his poetic genius 7. Dante can see below him the whole of the inhabited earth, so insignificant, that he compares it to a mere threshing floor I Dante sees Beatrice gazing towards the South, like a bird on its nest watching for the dawn Io-I2. The heavens become more resplendent, and Beatrice proclaims the approach of the Triumph of Christ , 3. Dante sees thousands of lights, and one Divine Sun giving lustre to them 28, In the fiery light of that Sun he discerns the Essence or Personality lucente sustanzia of Christ, and finds he is in the Presence of God Himself Dante passes over many of the things he saw in Heaven as too ineffable for man to utter 6x Beatrice reproves Dante for contemplating her, and bids him rather gaze upon the garden in which are the Rose the Virgin Mary , and the Lilies the Apostles Canto XXIV.
Beatrice entreats the assembled Saints to shed some dew upon Dante from their Fountain of Knowledge 8, 9. Peter addresses Beatrice as " Sister I " Beatrice entreats St. Peter to examine Dante concerning his Faith Peter's first question is: "What is Faith? Peter is satisfied with Dante's answer as to his Faith, but does Dante possess this Faith? Dante obtained his Faith from the rain of the Holy Spirit, poured forth in the Scriptures Dante's belief in inspiration of Scripture, the credibility of miracles, and the crowning miracle of all, the spread of Christianity.
Dante answers the final question: " What dost thou believe? Peter, rejoicing at Dante's recitation of his Faith, encircles him three times as though embracing him, and in his holy chant pronounces a blessing I Canto XXV. James approaches Dante. Beatrice indicates him as the Baron for whom pilgrimages are made into Galicia I3-i8. Beatrice entreats him to examine Dante on Hope James asks Dante what Hope is, and whether he Dante possesses it 46, Beatrice tells St. James that no son of the Church possesses this Hope more soundly than does Dante 52, Dante replies to the questions "What is Hope?
James does thy Hope hold out to thee? John, invested with dazzling radiance, comes forward 0o Dante is dazzled by looking at St. John tells him that his body is buried on Earth I Canto XXVI. Beatrice's glance can revive Dante's sight, as Ananias did that of St. Paul 8-I2. Dante assures St. John that God is the beginning and end of his affection I6-I8. Ixxi 3. After commending Dante's reply, which included a confession of his Faith, St. John puts another question respecting Love I. Dante replies that all the motives, that could combine to make a man love God, combined in him, and withdrew him from perverted love to the Love of the Chiefest Good The Spirits of the Blessed break forth into a hymn of praise on hearing the successful issue of Dante's examination in the three Theological Virtues Beatrice turns her eyes on Dante, who is at once re-endowed with sight 76, A fourth radiant spirit joins those of the three Apostles.
It is Adam Adam anticipates and answers several questions unuttered by Dante, and adds that he was only in the Garden of Paradise for seven hours after his creation The radiance of St. Peter takes a red tint, and he explains that Dante will see the whole Heaven blush with indignation against the occupiers of his former throne ig9 He sees, throughout the Church, avarice and greed of gain, in all its chief Pastors 55, Peter and his fellow-spirits having been swept away into the Empyrean, Beatrice invites Dante to turn his eyes again down to earth, and to note that in six hours his position has changed a quarter of a sphere I4 5.
Dante is elevated into the Ninth Sphere, or Crystalline Heaven Beatrice reiterates St. Peter's indignant condemnation of avarice in the world I She attributes this avarice to evil government of Church and Empire , I Dante discerns an infinitesimal point of light of exceeding brilliancy, round which are revolving nine concentric circles of fire. The point is God, the nine circles the nine Angelic Hierarchies i Beatrice explains that the revolving heavens cerchi corporai are larger or smaller according as they have more or less power to influence the Spheres below them And each heaven is united with that Order of Angels which is most fitted to it.
The smallest circles of Angels, being the chiefest, sway the largest and chiefest circles of the heavens; and similarly the largest circles of the Angels sway the smallest circles of the heavens Beatrice prefers the classification of the Celestial Hierarchies ascribed to Dionysius the Areopagite, which corresponds with her own, to that of Gregory the Great I Dionysius was taught by St.
Paul, who had seen these things when he was caught up to the Third Heaven I Canto XXIX. Beatrice replies to certain questions which she supposes Dante to be tacitly asking. The first is: "Why did God create the Angels? Though we are not told where they were created, we are to infer that it was in the Empyrean; nor are we told how, but we are also to infer that it was as beings of perfect goodness.
Beatrice recapitulates the where, the when, and the how The rebellious Angels sinned the instant they were created The circulating movements of the heavens are controlled by the Angels who remained faithful to God Beatrice censures the preachers of the time She upbraids their levity and irreverence II5-II7.
Ixxiii Canto XXX. The choirs of Angels circling round the Point fade from Dante's view I3. Beatrice's superadded loveliness I. She draws Dante's attention to the Empyrean into which they are ascending The glorious radiance of the Empyrean I. Dante finds himself endowed with a new power enabling him to see the Divine light in the form of a river flowing between two flowery banks The River of Light is transformed into a circular sea of radiance of immense size Dante sees the circular sea of Light take the semblance of a vast white Rose, whose petals are thousands upon thousands of degrees of thrones II7.
Beatrice conducts Dante into the centre of the Heavenly Rose, showing him the Saints in white robes seated on the thrones, like the petals of the flower Canto XXXI. Dante, while gazing at the Saints milizia santa collected into the form of the snow-white Rose of Heaven, sees a second host, which are the Angels, fly down to them, as bees to flowers, and back to God, as bees to their hive I-I2. The faces of the Angels are in flames, their wings of gold, their raiment white as snow I3-I5. Dante conjures the Holy Trinity to shine upon those who are tossed about on the tempestuous sea of life Dante's eyes wander over the countless tiers of thrones.
He turns round, and in place of Beatrice, finds that an old man clothed in white is standing by him 59, 6o. The new-comer, who is St. Bernard, points out Beatrice seated in glory upon her throne in the third rank, counting from the uppermost Dante having addressed a farewell prayer and thanksgiving to Beatrice, she beams a smile of last farewell from her far-distant throne, and then turns her face to God 9I Bernard names himself, and directs Dante to look at the radiance of the Saints in the Rose, that he may be prepared to gaze upon the glory of the Blessed Virgin Dante sees the Virgin Mary among the adoring Angels The holy women divide the Saints of the Old Testament from those of the new.
The seats of the former are full, but there are still some vacant places among the latter Bernard shows Dante St. John the Baptist, and beneath him the founders of religious Orders, and others below, corresponding in their tiers to the tiers on which are seated the Mothers of Israel The Rose is not only intersected by a perpendicular, but also by a horizontal line.
Below the latter are seated the spirits of infants who died before they had attained the practice of Free Will If these babes enjoy bliss in different degrees, they do so because God so willed it Dante must gaze upon the radiant countenance of the Blessed Virgin, which alone can fit his eyesight to behold the glory of her Divine Son Dante sees the Archangel Gabriel poised on his wings in front of Mary Vieni qui.
Deve battersi per la patria, lui. Quasi avesse capito il bambino ha cacciato un urlo. Le cose che vede in Vietnam sono drammatiche, bambini che ridono vedendo i cecchini buttare i cadaveri. Oriana inizia a sentirsi molto stanca e debole. Come in tutte le relazioni Oriana da tutta se stessa. Il fatto che lui non riesce ad abbandonare la moglie fece infuriare Oriana tanto da spedire tutte le lettere scritte tra loro in questi anni. Posso toccare,indossare i suoi indumenti. Posso maneggiare le sue pipe, i suoi fogli e i suoi oggetti.
Ma vi sono due cose che non posso fare: rivederlo in un film e, soprattutto riudire la sua voce. Quella sua splendida voce gutturale, fonda, che ti entrava dritta nel cuore come un coltello.
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Ho il terrore di riudirla. Tra la donna incinta e il piccolo esserino. Nel perde nuovamente il bambino che portava in grembo, ne soffre molto, ma allo stesso tempo non si sente sicura di prendersi cura di un bambino. Intanto anche la relazione con Paolo finisce. Mentre scrive il suo romanzo, spesso torna con la mente ai suoi genitori.
Accende la tele vede una delle torri gemelle che sta bruciando. E infuriata come una bestia. O meglio di cimitero. I ponti,i tunnel gli uffici. La riterranno pazza, degradando la sua persona. Ma il cervello si. Anzi mi sembra migliorato come il vino che sa invecchiare. Oriana muore tra la notte del 14 15 settembre Una donna immensa, una donna grande dura si ma sensibile.
Vogliosa di innamorarsi e di fare una famiglia. Ricca dentro, strepitosa fuori. Amo come scrive, amo il suo coraggio, la voglia di dire a tutti i costi il suo pensiero giusto o sbagliato che sia. Credo che si dovrebbe prendere come esempio per la lotta contro le ingiustizie, per la forza di combattere contro tutto e tutti. Una donna unica in tutto. View 2 comments. May 31, Sepia Owl rated it it was amazing Shelves: , biography , female-authors , finished.
- Convivio (Italian);
- Full text of "Il principe".
- Lumen Fidei (29 June ) | Francis.
- Molecular and Cell Endocrinology: 7 (Principles of Medical Biology).
- Halloween Ecstasy.
What a life. What a story. Compulsively readable. The brevity contains volumes. The author's respect and affection for her subject does not distort her view. Fallaci's faults are legion and they are well represented here. Fallaci's supposed Islamophobia is addressed directly. Her criticism of religious extremism knows no denominational bounds. She is adamantly antifascist, anti-theocratic, and pro-woman. She entered the ring with all of them and gave better than she got, punching above her weight with all these giants. And how can you fault a woman who loves so passionately?
Di Stafano is a superb writer. Don't mistake her simple style, her use of the present tense to me, very effective , and her obvious narrative skills, as just those of a hack who stumbled onto a good subject. She crafts the story masterfully, including the frame of Fallaci's return to Florence to die. In between is an epic narrative that will inspire courage—the courage to write, fight, and love.
Aug 07, Kolumbina rated it it was amazing. Oriana Fallaci was born in the same year as my father and also died at the same year as him, As a reporter she travelled and covered the most interesting events, wars, interviews. Her articles were very special, her questions at interviews were interesting, private, nosy, brave As students we all read Oriana Fallaci, Oriana Fallaci 's articles and books were favorite subjects. I read 2 of her books in es, "A man" and "Letter to a child never born", absolutely loved these books in that time.
This book is a very well written biography of Oriana Fallaci. A well researched and a well delivered document, rich, interesting, lots of photographs, entertaining, hard to put down. Really great. I absolutely loved it. Oriana Fallaci vista dal buco della serratura Inizio questa recensione al libro di Cristina de Stefano intitolato "Oriana - Una donna" parafrasando il titolo della rubrica che riuniva gli articoli che Oriana Fallaci inviavo all'Europeo dalla Mecca del Cinema e che fu il punto di partenza del suo primo libro "I sette peccati di Hollywood".
La rubrica in questione si chiamava Hollywood dal buca della serratura. In questa storia della vita della grande giornalista e scrittrice o scrittore come lei Oriana Fallaci vista dal buco della serratura Inizio questa recensione al libro di Cristina de Stefano intitolato "Oriana - Una donna" parafrasando il titolo della rubrica che riuniva gli articoli che Oriana Fallaci inviavo all'Europeo dalla Mecca del Cinema e che fu il punto di partenza del suo primo libro "I sette peccati di Hollywood".
In questa storia della vita della grande giornalista e scrittrice o scrittore come lei preferiva definirsi fiorentina, scritta attingendo a svariate fonti, sia documentali che derivanti da dichiarazioni dirette rilasciatele da persone che conobbero, frequentarono e amarono Oriana Fallaci, Cristina de Stefano regala ai lettori un libro che si legge e non si fa lasciare facilmente. Un libro che cattura al punto che persino un lettore non propriamente veloce quale il sottoscritto l'ha divorato in due sole giornate!
Dec 06, Lisa-Michele rated it liked it. She was a tough journalist, a celebrity interviewer and a best-selling author. Think Christiane Amanpour meets Barbara Walters. When I was a young aspiring college journalist, she was one of the women I looked up to. I watched her to see how it was done. Oriana made her reputation as a war correspondent in Vietnam, but it was her hard-hitting interviews with world figures that made her famous.
When I wrote for the Dai She was a tough journalist, a celebrity interviewer and a best-selling author. But the comparisons ended with our lifestyles. She was a volatile, difficult, mostly lonely person, who never married or had children, pursuing many affairs and a dramatic love life. It dodges completely her attacks on Islam late in life. Plus, the biographer has an irritating way of writing in the pseudo-present tense, as in "her professional life is spent recounting injustices. Nov 07, Stefania T. Libri che ti cambiano i connotati. Che estraggono dalle viscere un po' di tutto.
Normalerweise lese ich keine Biographien, bei Oriana Fallaci musste ich aber eine Ausnahme machen. Als Cristina de Stefano vor ein paar Jahren von Fallacis Neffen beauftragt wurde, den Nachlass der Journalistin in einer Biographie zusammenzufassen, stand sie von einer unglaublich schwierigen Aufgabe. Zweitens war es bekannt, dass sich Oriana immer wieder weigerte diese Dokumente zum Zwecken einer Biographie freizugeben.
Wie geht man damit als Schriftstellerin um? Ich glaube es ihr sofort und bin umso mehr froh, dass sie trotzdem nicht aufgab. Ein Frauenleben ist ein kompaktes, respektvolles und sehr gut lesbares Buch. Dennoch habe ich das Lesen sehr genossen. Jun 08, Mike rated it it was amazing. A biography of a very accomplished journalist and later a writer. She is fearless, and brilliant and not one to take no for an answer. Her interviews with top world politicians left a high mark in her journalistic career. She was obsessive, and thorough, and proved to herself that her gender was no hinderance.
The author did an excellent job in portraying Oriana Fallaci at times tormented, as professional and whose interviews, and arti A biography of a very accomplished journalist and later a writer. The author did an excellent job in portraying Oriana Fallaci at times tormented, as professional and whose interviews, and articles, and books were devotedly read by the millions worldwide As an Italian graduate, I had long admired Oriana Fallaci's work and was fascinated by this seemingly fearless woman who had made it as an investigative journalist at a time when it was very difficult for a woman to do so.
In , she famously took her chador off in Khomeini's presence and, interviewing Henry Kissinger in , she asked him why he was so popular. Kissinger at first denied that he was, then said he put his popularity down to the fact that he had always acted alone, like a cowboy riding out ahead of the wagon train. When the interview was published all over the world, it caused a scandal, as Americans were not very happy about the cowboy comparison. Years later, Kissinger said that agreeing to be interviewed by Fallaci was one of the most unfortunate decisions of his life. From this excellent biography by Cristina de Stefano I learned a lot about Oriana that I hadn't realised before: that she had been a WW2 partisan, for instance and about her courage as a correspondent during the Vietnam war.
I was astonished to learn that in love, the great Oriana Fallaci could be as foolish as the rest of us and the account of her affair with Alfredo Pieroni makes sad reading. Their love affair was all the more intense because it was conducted in the midst of war. Oriana Fallaci had a love-hate relationship with America and once remarked that she was going to win.
She lived happily in New York for many years and it was there that she meticulously researched her own family's history and wrote the first volume of it, Un cappello pieno di ciliege [A Hat Full of Cherries] which I am currently reading. If you read Italian and are also eagle-eyed, you may notice that "ciliege" in the title is spelled without the final -i. Fallaci had insisted on this because it was both the Tuscan way and the way that her mother had pronounced the word. Knowing that she had an incurable tumour, Oriana Fallaci faced death as courageously as she had faced life and planned for it in detail.
At the end, she asked to be flown back to her beloved Tuscany, where she died on the night of 14th - 15th September This biography has greatly added to my knowledge of Oriana Fallaci and has led me to read more of her books. Ed essere disubbidiente per me significa, tra l'altro, stare all'opposizione. Giornalista, scrittrice e, soprattutto, donna. Il saggio si snoda in ordine cron "Essere giornalista per me significa essere disubbidiente. Vicende personali si affiancano a quelle professionali, ai suoi numerosi viaggi, alle sue corrispondenze di guerre, alle sue interviste che hanno fatto storia.
E' un'opera nella quale vive l'amore. Amore per lo scrivere, in primis, amore per il gionalismo, amore per gli uomini. Io ci ho provato ma non ci sono riuscita. Si considera una donna libera e moderna. Jan 11, Kokie rated it it was amazing Shelves: first-read. Now I sit here, having closed the cover, inspired by her gall, saddened by her losses, and encouraged to live life as she did: bravely. This is a woman we should all get to know, though we may never completely or truly understand her, because in the knowing we will gain more than mere facts.
We gain at least I hope , a bit of her shrewd mind to help us navigate the world we find ourselves in-a world I would I didn't know anything of Oriana Fallaci before I won this book in a GoodReads giveaway. We gain at least I hope , a bit of her shrewd mind to help us navigate the world we find ourselves in-a world I would have loved to see her take on in interviews if only to better explain what to think of it. Una delle migliori biografie mai lette. Jun 01, Kimber Frantz rated it really liked it Shelves: 20th-century , activism , adventure , biography , books-reading , brazil , china , culture , death , family.
This biography details the life of Oriana Fallaci, a successful, world-famous Italian journalist who was known for covering war stories and conducting interviews with high-profile leaders from around the globe, including Muammar Gaddafi, Henry Kissinger, Ayatollah Khomeini, and Deng Xiaoping. The book covers all aspects of her life, personal and professional, from her birth onward — it tells of her childhood, during which she along with her father was part of the Italian resistance, how her lo This biography details the life of Oriana Fallaci, a successful, world-famous Italian journalist who was known for covering war stories and conducting interviews with high-profile leaders from around the globe, including Muammar Gaddafi, Henry Kissinger, Ayatollah Khomeini, and Deng Xiaoping.
The book covers all aspects of her life, personal and professional, from her birth onward — it tells of her childhood, during which she along with her father was part of the Italian resistance, how her love of writing became a career in journalism, the development of her own powerful, provocative style of interviewing, and the way she passionately threw herself into everything she undertook, including the deep research she conducted to prepare for each interview.